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Deceptive Beauties (35) More files... by Christian Ziegler
Published in 2011 Christian Ziegler's homage to orchids, Deceptive Beauties, is illustrated with images showing the wide variety of colors and shapes this floral family has evolved. Most interesting is the coverage of orchids' elaborate pollination techniques. Through methods of deception the blooms lure bees with the offers of food and sex with great success. See images of bucket orchids which trap bees in their sweet-scented blooms and force them to exit through a portal where a pollen packet is expertly deposited on their backs; carrion flies are lured with the scent of rotting flesh by the Masdevallia flowers and wasps that eagerly visit a Drakaea orchid fooled by faux female wasp pheromones. Through clever deception these delicate flowers reach their goal - pollination and survival of their species.
Bucket Orchid (Coryanthes panamensis) flower attracting male Bee (Apidae) with sweet scent, Gamboa, central Panama  -  Christian Ziegler
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00462923 Bucket Orchid (Coryanthes panamensis) flower attracting male Bee (Apidae) with sweet scent, Gamboa, central Panama© Christian Ziegler
Bucket Orchid (Coryanthes panamensis) flower attracting male Bee (Apidae) with sweet scent, Gamboa, central Panama  -  Christian Ziegler
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00462930 Bucket Orchid (Coryanthes panamensis) flower attracting male Bee (Apidae) with sweet scent, Gamboa, central Panama© Christian Ziegler
Bucket Orchid (Coryanthes panamensis) flower attracting male Bee (Apidae) with sweet scent squeezing out of bucket, Gamboa, central Panama  -  Christian Ziegler
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00462921 Bucket Orchid (Coryanthes panamensis) flower attracting male Bee (Apidae) with sweet scent squeezing out of bucket, Gamboa, central Panama© Christian Ziegler
Bucket Orchid (Coryanthes panamensis) flower attracting male Bee (Apidae) with sweet scent showing pollenia on its back, Gamboa, central Panama  -  Christian Ziegler
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00462929 Bucket Orchid (Coryanthes panamensis) flower attracting male Bee (Apidae) with sweet scent showing pollenia on its back, Gamboa, central Panama© Christian Ziegler
Orchid Bee (Euglossa sp) male with orchid pollinia attached to its back, Barro Colorado Island, Panama  -  Christian Ziegler
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00462869 Orchid Bee (Euglossa sp) male with orchid pollinia attached to its back, Barro Colorado Island, Panama© Christian Ziegler
Bucket Orchid (Coryanthes panamensis) flowers, Gamboa, central Panama  -  Christian Ziegler
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00462922 Bucket Orchid (Coryanthes panamensis) flowers, Gamboa, central Panama© Christian Ziegler
Bucket Orchid (Coryanthes panamensis) flowers, Gamboa, central Panama  -  Christian Ziegler
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00462928 Bucket Orchid (Coryanthes panamensis) flowers, Gamboa, central Panama© Christian Ziegler
Orchid (Catasetum viridiflavum) with male orchid bee approaching, Barro Colorado Island, Panama  -  Christian Ziegler
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00462821 Orchid (Catasetum viridiflavum) with male orchid bee approaching, Barro Colorado Island, Panama© Christian Ziegler
Orchid (Gongora leucochila) flowers with euglossine bees approaching its bucket blossom, Gamboa, Panama  -  Christian Ziegler
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00462870 Orchid (Gongora leucochila) flowers with euglossine bees approaching its bucket blossom, Gamboa, Panama© Christian Ziegler
Crucifix Orchid (Epidendrum radicans) flowering atop old lava flow, Panama  -  Christian Ziegler
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00462799 Crucifix Orchid (Epidendrum radicans) flowering atop old lava flow, Panama© Christian Ziegler
Crucifix Orchid (Epidendrum radicans) flower mimicking milkweed to attract Heliconius Butterfly (Heliconius sp), Gamboa, central Panama  -  Christian Ziegler
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00462926 Crucifix Orchid (Epidendrum radicans) flower mimicking milkweed to attract Heliconius Butterfly (Heliconius sp), Gamboa, central Panama© Christian Ziegler
Crucifix Orchid (Epidendrum radicans) growing next to the nectar-rich Milkweed (Asclepias sp) that the orchid is thought to mimic, Volcan Baru National Park, Panama  -  Christian Ziegler
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00462931 Crucifix Orchid (Epidendrum radicans) growing next to the nectar-rich Milkweed (Asclepias sp) that the orchid is thought to mimic, Volcan Baru National Park, Panama© Christian Ziegler
Crucifix Orchid (Epidendrum radicans) mimicking milkweed to attract Heliconius Butterfly (Heliconius sp), Gamboa, central Panama  -  Christian Ziegler
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00462927 Crucifix Orchid (Epidendrum radicans) mimicking milkweed to attract Heliconius Butterfly (Heliconius sp), Gamboa, central Panama© Christian Ziegler
Orchid (Masdevallia regina) flowering near stream attracts carrion fly pollinators with rotting aroma, Panama  -  Christian Ziegler
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00462893 Orchid (Masdevallia regina) flowering near stream attracts carrion fly pollinators with rotting aroma, Panama© Christian Ziegler
Orchid (Masdevallia regina) flower and Blue Bottle Fly (Calliphoridae), Finca Dracula Orchid Sanctuary, western Panama  -  Christian Ziegler
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00462881 Orchid (Masdevallia regina) flower and Blue Bottle Fly (Calliphoridae), Finca Dracula Orchid Sanctuary, western Panama© Christian Ziegler
Orchid (Masdevallia sp) flower being pollinated by tiny carrion flies which are attracted to the flower by its foul smell, one is carrying a pollinium, Finca Dracula Orchid Sanctuary, western Panama  -  Christian Ziegler
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00462884 Orchid (Masdevallia sp) flower being pollinated by tiny carrion flies which are attracted to the flower by its foul smell, one is carrying a pollinium, Finca Dracula Orchid Sanctuary, western Panama© Christian Ziegler
Mirror Orchid (Ophrys speculum) flowering along coast mimick female bees, Sardinia, Italy  -  Christian Ziegler
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00462850 Mirror Orchid (Ophrys speculum) flowering along coast mimick female bees, Sardinia, Italy© Christian Ziegler
Orchid (Masdevallia ignea) flower with its fly pollinator, Finca Dracula Orchid Sanctuary, western Panama  -  Christian Ziegler
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00462894 Orchid (Masdevallia ignea) flower with its fly pollinator, Finca Dracula Orchid Sanctuary, western Panama© Christian Ziegler
Mirror Orchid (Ophrys speculum) flowers, Sardinia, Italy  -  Christian Ziegler
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00462857 Mirror Orchid (Ophrys speculum) flowers, Sardinia, Italy© Christian Ziegler
Mirror Orchid (Ophrys speculum) flowers, Sardinia, Italy  -  Christian Ziegler
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00462854 Mirror Orchid (Ophrys speculum) flowers, Sardinia, Italy© Christian Ziegler
Brown Bee Orchid (Ophrys iricolor) flower mimics female bee with male solitary bee engaged in pseudocopulation, Sardinia, Italy  -  Christian Ziegler
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00462944 Brown Bee Orchid (Ophrys iricolor) flower mimics female bee with male solitary bee engaged in pseudocopulation, Sardinia, Italy© Christian Ziegler
King Spider Orchid (Caladenia pectinata) being visited by male parasitic wasp pollinator which is attracted to the flower by faux female wasp pheromone, Australia  -  Christian Ziegler
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00462810 King Spider Orchid (Caladenia pectinata) being visited by male parasitic wasp pollinator which is attracted to the flower by faux female wasp pheromone, Australia© Christian Ziegler
King Spider Orchid (Caladenia pectinata) flower being visited by male parasitic wasp which is attracted to the flower by faux female wasp pheromone, western Australia  -  Christian Ziegler
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00462908 King Spider Orchid (Caladenia pectinata) flower being visited by male parasitic wasp which is attracted to the flower by faux female wasp pheromone, western Australia© Christian Ziegler
Zebra Orchid (Caladenia cairnsiana) flower being pollinated by male parasitic wasp which is attracted to the flower by faux female wasp pheromone, western Australia  -  Christian Ziegler
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00462809 Zebra Orchid (Caladenia cairnsiana) flower being pollinated by male parasitic wasp which is attracted to the flower by faux female wasp pheromone, western Australia© Christian Ziegler
Warty Hammer Orchid (Drakaea livida) flower has hinge mechanism to manipulate its pollinator into just the right position to receive its pollen, south of Perth, western Australia  -  Christian Ziegler
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00462905 Warty Hammer Orchid (Drakaea livida) flower has hinge mechanism to manipulate its pollinator into just the right position to receive its pollen, south of Perth, western Australia© Christian Ziegler
King Spider Orchid (Caladenia pectinata) flower swarmed by male parasitic wasps who interpret the flowers red lip as female wasp, western Australia  -  Christian Ziegler
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00462920 King Spider Orchid (Caladenia pectinata) flower swarmed by male parasitic wasps who interpret the flowers red lip as female wasp, western Australia© Christian Ziegler
Warty Hammer Orchid (Drakaea livida) flower produces faux female parasitic wasp pheromone to attract male wasps, western Australia  -  Christian Ziegler
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00462919 Warty Hammer Orchid (Drakaea livida) flower produces faux female parasitic wasp pheromone to attract male wasps, western Australia© Christian Ziegler
Orchid (Bulbophyllum corolliferum) flowers being pollinated by flies, Sabah, Borneo, Malaysia  -  Christian Ziegler
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00462823 Orchid (Bulbophyllum corolliferum) flowers being pollinated by flies, Sabah, Borneo, Malaysia© Christian Ziegler
Bumblebee Orchid (Ophrys bombyliflora) flower and its male Longhorn Bee (Eucera sp) pollinator, Sardinia, Italy  -  Christian Ziegler
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00462852 Bumblebee Orchid (Ophrys bombyliflora) flower and its male Longhorn Bee (Eucera sp) pollinator, Sardinia, Italy© Christian Ziegler
Bumblebee Orchid (Ophrys bombyliflora) flower and its male Longhorn Bee (Eucera sp) pollinator, Sardinia, Italy  -  Christian Ziegler
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00462853 Bumblebee Orchid (Ophrys bombyliflora) flower and its male Longhorn Bee (Eucera sp) pollinator, Sardinia, Italy© Christian Ziegler
Orchid (Himantoglossum robertianum) flowers with bee pollinator, Sardinia, Italy  -  Christian Ziegler
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00462863 Orchid (Himantoglossum robertianum) flowers with bee pollinator, Sardinia, Italy© Christian Ziegler
Orchid (Masdevallia caloptera) flower with its pollinator Blue Bottle Fly (Calliphoridae) carrying yellow pollinium on its back, Finca Dracula Orchid Sanctuary, western Panama  -  Christian Ziegler
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00462886 Orchid (Masdevallia caloptera) flower with its pollinator Blue Bottle Fly (Calliphoridae) carrying yellow pollinium on its back, Finca Dracula Orchid Sanctuary, western Panama© Christian Ziegler
Orchid (Elleanthus sp) flower being pollinated by male Magnificent Hummingbird (Eugenes fulgens), Finca Dracula Orchid Sanctuary, Panama  -  Christian Ziegler
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00462889 Orchid (Elleanthus sp) flower being pollinated by male Magnificent Hummingbird (Eugenes fulgens), Finca Dracula Orchid Sanctuary, Panama© Christian Ziegler
Heliconius Butterfly (Heliconius sp) carrying pollinia on its proboscis, Gamboa, central Panama  -  Christian Ziegler
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00462925 Heliconius Butterfly (Heliconius sp) carrying pollinia on its proboscis, Gamboa, central Panama© Christian Ziegler
Bucket Orchid (Coryanthes panamensis) flower with photographer Christian Ziegler in the mid canopy  -  Christian Ziegler
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00465633 Bucket Orchid (Coryanthes panamensis) flower with photographer Christian Ziegler in the mid canopy© Christian Ziegler
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