info@mindenpictures.com | 831 661 5551  | Login | Register

Premium wildlife and nature stock photos

for professional use
Ants & Plants 3: Tree Fortresses (76) More files... Dr. Mark W. Moffett
Ants and plants have developed many curious relationships, some positive, some negative. Extreme examples occur with tropical plants called myrmecophytes, or ant plants, which provide their insect guests with housing and often food. Many of these ant plants are vines or other types of tree-top vegetation, but in the examples shown here, the hosts are the trees and shrubs themselves. Dr. Mark W. Moffett explored, documented, and marveled at whole groves of ant trees in Brazil and Borneo, in areas where biting and stinging ants are the true lords of the jungle.Often the ants' behaviors can be interpreted as self-serving: The worker killing eggs gets a meal; the one gnawing vines destroys a route that might be used by invading enemies. In other cases workers defend particular part of the pant that affects their tree's long-term health and reproductive ability with no apparent immediate benefits to the ants.Either way the interaction tends to be beneficial in the long term to both ant and plant- a symbiotic relationship that ecologists call mutualism. But as I will show you, sometimes this relationship breaks down, as when parasitic ants seize control of a tree.
Ant (Pseudomyrmex sp) trio drink nectar from Whistling Thorn (Acacia drepanolobium) acacia tree and protect the tree from leaf eating enemies ensuring mutual survival, Costa Rica  -  Mark Moffett
00129352
00129352 Ant (Pseudomyrmex sp) trio drink nectar from Whistling Thorn (Acacia drepanolobium) acacia tree and protect the tree from leaf eating enemies ensuring mutual survival, Costa Rica© Mark Moffett
Ant (Pseudomyrmex sp) pair drink nectar from Whistling Thorn (Acacia drepanolobium) acacia tree and protect the tree from leaf eating enemies ensuring mutual survival, Costa Rica  -  Mark Moffett
00129353
00129353 Ant (Pseudomyrmex sp) pair drink nectar from Whistling Thorn (Acacia drepanolobium) acacia tree and protect the tree from leaf eating enemies ensuring mutual survival, Costa Rica© Mark Moffett
Ant (Pseudomyrmex sp) group drink nectar from Whistling Thorn (Acacia drepanolobium) acacia tree and protect the tree from leaf eating enemies ensuring mutual survival, Costa Rica  -  Mark Moffett
00129351
00129351 Ant (Pseudomyrmex sp) group drink nectar from Whistling Thorn (Acacia drepanolobium) acacia tree and protect the tree from leaf eating enemies ensuring mutual survival, Costa Rica© Mark Moffett
Ant (Pseudomyrmex sp) group drink nectar from Whistling Thorn (Acacia drepanolobium) acacia tree and protect the tree from leaf eating enemies ensuring mutual survival, Costa Rica  -  Mark Moffett
00129143
00129143 Ant (Pseudomyrmex sp) group drink nectar from Whistling Thorn (Acacia drepanolobium) acacia tree and protect the tree from leaf eating enemies ensuring mutual survival, Costa Rica© Mark Moffett
Ant (Crematogaster sp) protects home by smashing Butterfly eggs on leaf, hatching Caterpillars would devour the leaf, West Africa  -  Mark Moffett
00129373
00129373 Ant (Crematogaster sp) protects home by smashing Butterfly eggs on leaf, hatching Caterpillars would devour the leaf, West Africa© Mark Moffett
Ant (Crematogaster sp) protects home by smashing Butterfly eggs on leaf, hatching Caterpillars would devour the leaf, West Africa  -  Mark Moffett
00129374
00129374 Ant (Crematogaster sp) protects home by smashing Butterfly eggs on leaf, hatching Caterpillars would devour the leaf, West Africa© Mark Moffett
Ant (Crematogaster sp) protects home by smashing butterfly eggs on Passion Flower (Barteria sp) leaf, West Africa  -  Mark Moffett
00129372
00129372 Ant (Crematogaster sp) protects home by smashing butterfly eggs on Passion Flower (Barteria sp) leaf, West Africa© Mark Moffett
Ant (Crematogaster sp) protects home by smashing butterfly eggs on Passion Flower (Barteria sp) leaf, West Africa  -  Mark Moffett
00129144
00129144 Ant (Crematogaster sp) protects home by smashing butterfly eggs on Passion Flower (Barteria sp) leaf, West Africa© Mark Moffett
Ant (Crematogaster sp) protects home by smashing Butterfly eggs on leaf, hatching Caterpillars would devour the leaf, West Africa  -  Mark Moffett
00129375
00129375 Ant (Crematogaster sp) protects home by smashing Butterfly eggs on leaf, hatching Caterpillars would devour the leaf, West Africa© Mark Moffett
Ant (Pseudomyrmex sp) ripping up vine that disturbs its host Whistling Thorn (Acacia drepanolobium) acacia tree, Costa Rica  -  Mark Moffett
00129355
00129355 Ant (Pseudomyrmex sp) ripping up vine that disturbs its host Whistling Thorn (Acacia drepanolobium) acacia tree, Costa Rica© Mark Moffett
Ant (Pseudomyrmex sp) rips apart a vine that grips leaves of its host Whistling Thorn (Acacia drepanolobium) acacia tree left alone, vine could shade and possibly kill the Acacia  -  Mark Moffett
00129145
00129145 Ant (Pseudomyrmex sp) rips apart a vine that grips leaves of its host Whistling Thorn (Acacia drepanolobium) acacia tree left alone, vine could shade and possibly kill the Acacia© Mark Moffett
Ant (Pseudomyrmex sp) ripping up vine that disturbs its host Whistling Thorn (Acacia drepanolobium) acacia tree, Guanacaste, Costa Rica  -  Mark Moffett
00129356
00129356 Ant (Pseudomyrmex sp) ripping up vine that disturbs its host Whistling Thorn (Acacia drepanolobium) acacia tree, Guanacaste, Costa Rica© Mark Moffett
Ant (Pseudomyrmex sp) chops apart vine touching its Whistling Thorn (Acacia drepanolobium) acacia tree, Costa Rica  -  Mark Moffett
00129363
00129363 Ant (Pseudomyrmex sp) chops apart vine touching its Whistling Thorn (Acacia drepanolobium) acacia tree, Costa Rica© Mark Moffett
Ant (Pseudomyrmex sp) chops apart vine touching its Whistling Thorn (Acacia drepanolobium) acacia tree, Costa Rica  -  Mark Moffett
00129362
00129362 Ant (Pseudomyrmex sp) chops apart vine touching its Whistling Thorn (Acacia drepanolobium) acacia tree, Costa Rica© Mark Moffett
Ant (Pseudomyrmex sp) ripping up vine that disturbs its host Whistling Thorn (Acacia drepanolobium) acacia tree, Costa Rica  -  Mark Moffett
00129360
00129360 Ant (Pseudomyrmex sp) ripping up vine that disturbs its host Whistling Thorn (Acacia drepanolobium) acacia tree, Costa Rica© Mark Moffett
Ant (Pseudomyrmex sp) ripping up vine that disturbs its host Whistling Thorn (Acacia drepanolobium) acacia tree, Costa Rica  -  Mark Moffett
00129361
00129361 Ant (Pseudomyrmex sp) ripping up vine that disturbs its host Whistling Thorn (Acacia drepanolobium) acacia tree, Costa Rica© Mark Moffett
Ant (Pseudomyrmex sp) ripping up vine that disturbs its host Whistling Thorn (Acacia drepanolobium) acacia tree, Costa Rica  -  Mark Moffett
00129358
00129358 Ant (Pseudomyrmex sp) ripping up vine that disturbs its host Whistling Thorn (Acacia drepanolobium) acacia tree, Costa Rica© Mark Moffett
Ant (Pseudomyrmex sp) ripping up vine that disturbs its host Whistling Thorn (Acacia drepanolobium) acacia tree, Costa Rica  -  Mark Moffett
00129357
00129357 Ant (Pseudomyrmex sp) ripping up vine that disturbs its host Whistling Thorn (Acacia drepanolobium) acacia tree, Costa Rica© Mark Moffett
Ant (Pseudomyrmex sp) ripping up vine that disturbs its host Whistling Thorn (Acacia drepanolobium) acacia tree, Costa Rica  -  Mark Moffett
00129359
00129359 Ant (Pseudomyrmex sp) ripping up vine that disturbs its host Whistling Thorn (Acacia drepanolobium) acacia tree, Costa Rica© Mark Moffett
Ant (Allomerus sp) parasite sterilizes Cordia (Cordia nodosa) host tree by dismantling flowers, with energy diverted from reproduction, tree grows larger providing more room for ants, Peru  -  Mark Moffett
00129146
00129146 Ant (Allomerus sp) parasite sterilizes Cordia (Cordia nodosa) host tree by dismantling flowers, with energy diverted from reproduction, tree grows larger providing more room for ants, Peru© Mark Moffett
Ant (Allomerus sp) group dismember corpses of their enemies within the hollow branches of Cordia (Cordia nodosa) host tree, Peru  -  Mark Moffett
00129149
00129149 Ant (Allomerus sp) group dismember corpses of their enemies within the hollow branches of Cordia (Cordia nodosa) host tree, Peru© Mark Moffett
Round Bodied Parasitic Ant (Cataulacus mckeyi) cannot enter rainforest Legume (Leonardoxa africana) host tree through narrow opening to Protector ant (Petalomynex phylax) nest, West Africa  -  Mark Moffett
00129148
00129148 Round Bodied Parasitic Ant (Cataulacus mckeyi) cannot enter rainforest Legume (Leonardoxa africana) host tree through narrow opening to Protector ant (Petalomynex phylax) nest, West Africa© Mark Moffett
Ant (Azteca sp) queen starting her colony within Cordia (Cordia nodosa) host tree, Peru  -  Mark Moffett
00129398
00129398 Ant (Azteca sp) queen starting her colony within Cordia (Cordia nodosa) host tree, Peru© Mark Moffett
Ant (Azteca sp) queen with brood inside Cordia (Cordia nodosa) host tree with tem hairs protecting tree against large enemy ants, but permit passage of small (Azteca sp)  -  Mark Moffett
00129150
00129150 Ant (Azteca sp) queen with brood inside Cordia (Cordia nodosa) host tree with tem hairs protecting tree against large enemy ants, but permit passage of small (Azteca sp)© Mark Moffett
Ant (Azteca sp) queen, in her host (Cecropia sp) tree, surrounded by workers and larvae in native colony, Manu, Peru  -  Mark Moffett
00129405
00129405 Ant (Azteca sp) queen, in her host (Cecropia sp) tree, surrounded by workers and larvae in native colony, Manu, Peru© Mark Moffett
Ant (Azteca sp) queen, in her host (Cecropia sp) tree, starting her colony, Manu, Peru  -  Mark Moffett
00129404
00129404 Ant (Azteca sp) queen, in her host (Cecropia sp) tree, starting her colony, Manu, Peru© Mark Moffett
Ant (Azteca sp) queen, in her host (Cecropia sp) tree, starting her colony, Manu, Peru  -  Mark Moffett
00129403
00129403 Ant (Azteca sp) queen, in her host (Cecropia sp) tree, starting her colony, Manu, Peru© Mark Moffett
Ant (Azteca sp) queen, in her host (Cecropia sp) tree with workers starting her colony, Manu, Peru  -  Mark Moffett
00129402
00129402 Ant (Azteca sp) queen, in her host (Cecropia sp) tree with workers starting her colony, Manu, Peru© Mark Moffett
Ant (Azteca sp) queen, in her host (Cecropia sp) tree with her first workers starting colony, Manu, Peru  -  Mark Moffett
00129401
00129401 Ant (Azteca sp) queen, in her host (Cecropia sp) tree with her first workers starting colony, Manu, Peru© Mark Moffett
Ant (Pachycondyla sp) queen digging entry into (Cecropia sp) sapling in search of place to start new colony  -  Mark Moffett
00129409
00129409 Ant (Pachycondyla sp) queen digging entry into (Cecropia sp) sapling in search of place to start new colony© Mark Moffett
Ant (Pachycondyla sp) queen digging entry into Cecropia sp sapling in search of place to start new colony  -  Mark Moffett
00129151
00129151 Ant (Pachycondyla sp) queen digging entry into Cecropia sp sapling in search of place to start new colony© Mark Moffett
Ant (Azteca sp) patrol at colony entrance of their host (Cecropia sp) tree, Costa Rica  -  Mark Moffett
00750393
00750393 Ant (Azteca sp) patrol at colony entrance of their host (Cecropia sp) tree, Costa Rica© Mark Moffett
Ant (Azteca sp) patrol leaves to protect their host tree (Cecropia sp), Manu, Peru  -  Mark Moffett
00129420
00129420 Ant (Azteca sp) patrol leaves to protect their host tree (Cecropia sp), Manu, Peru© Mark Moffett
Ant (Azteca sp) patrol guarding Borage (Boraginaceae)  -  Mark Moffett
00129378
00129378 Ant (Azteca sp) patrol guarding Borage (Boraginaceae)© Mark Moffett
Ant workers lured by sugary rewards along the margins of young Macaranga leaves, patrol and protect leaves from Beetles and other herbivores  -  Mark Moffett
00129152
00129152 Ant workers lured by sugary rewards along the margins of young Macaranga leaves, patrol and protect leaves from Beetles and other herbivores© Mark Moffett
Melastoma (Tococa sp) has pouches among the leaves occupied by ants, French Guiana  -  Mark Moffett
00129453
00129453 Melastoma (Tococa sp) has pouches among the leaves occupied by ants, French Guiana© Mark Moffett
Ant (Pheidole sp) group lives in pockets on leaves of Melastoma (Maieta sp) shrubs, one chamber serves as a nursery and one chamber for refuse which acts as plant fertilizer, Manu, Peru  -  Mark Moffett
00129429
00129429 Ant (Pheidole sp) group lives in pockets on leaves of Melastoma (Maieta sp) shrubs, one chamber serves as a nursery and one chamber for refuse which acts as plant fertilizer, Manu, Peru© Mark Moffett
Ant (Pheidole sp) group lives in pockets on leaves of Melastoma (Maieta sp) shrubs One chamber serves as a nursery and one chamber for refuse which acts as plant fertilizer  -  Mark Moffett
00129155
00129155 Ant (Pheidole sp) group lives in pockets on leaves of Melastoma (Maieta sp) shrubs One chamber serves as a nursery and one chamber for refuse which acts as plant fertilizer© Mark Moffett
Ant Plant (Hydnophytum sp) provides ant guardians with food stored under purple stipules  -  Mark Moffett
00129153
00129153 Ant Plant (Hydnophytum sp) provides ant guardians with food stored under purple stipules© Mark Moffett
Macaranga (Macaranga sp) tree provides ant guardians with food stored under purple stipules  -  Mark Moffett
00129422
00129422 Macaranga (Macaranga sp) tree provides ant guardians with food stored under purple stipules© Mark Moffett
Macaranga (Macaranga sp) tree provides ant guardians with food stored under purple stipules  -  Mark Moffett
00129423
00129423 Macaranga (Macaranga sp) tree provides ant guardians with food stored under purple stipules© Mark Moffett
Macaranga (Macaranga sp), plant stipules, which provide globules of fat for ants that live in its interior  -  Mark Moffett
00129424
00129424 Macaranga (Macaranga sp), plant stipules, which provide globules of fat for ants that live in its interior© Mark Moffett
Macaranga (Macaranga sp) plant stipules, which provide globules of fat for ants living within its interior  -  Mark Moffett
00129425
00129425 Macaranga (Macaranga sp) plant stipules, which provide globules of fat for ants living within its interior© Mark Moffett
Macaranga (Macaranga sp) plant stipules, which provide globules of fat for ants living within its interior  -  Mark Moffett
00129427
00129427 Macaranga (Macaranga sp) plant stipules, which provide globules of fat for ants living within its interior© Mark Moffett
Macaranga (Macaranga sp) plant stipules, which provide globules of fat for ants living inside its interior  -  Mark Moffett
00129426
00129426 Macaranga (Macaranga sp) plant stipules, which provide globules of fat for ants living inside its interior© Mark Moffett
Cecropia (Cecropia sp) food bodies for its Ant (Azteca sp) residents, Manu, Peru  -  Mark Moffett
00129418
00129418 Cecropia (Cecropia sp) food bodies for its Ant (Azteca sp) residents, Manu, Peru© Mark Moffett
Ant (Azteca sp) with food item plucked from its host tree (Cecropia sp), Manu, Peru  -  Mark Moffett
00129419
00129419 Ant (Azteca sp) with food item plucked from its host tree (Cecropia sp), Manu, Peru© Mark Moffett
Whistling Thorn (Acacia drepanolobium) thorn occupied by Ant (Tetraponera penzigi) parasite causes tree to look bare and sickly, Africa  -  Mark Moffett
00129433
00129433 Whistling Thorn (Acacia drepanolobium) thorn occupied by Ant (Tetraponera penzigi) parasite causes tree to look bare and sickly, Africa© Mark Moffett
Whistling Thorn (Acacia drepanolobium) tree with thorns occupied by Ant (Tetraponera penzigi) parasite, Africa
00129156
00129156 Whistling Thorn (Acacia drepanolobium) tree with thorns occupied by Ant (Tetraponera penzigi) parasite, Africa© Mark Moffett
African Ant (Crematogaster nigriceps) group also make their host tree (Acacia sp) look sickly by removing fresh shoots, Kenya  -  Mark Moffett
00129434
00129434 African Ant (Crematogaster nigriceps) group also make their host tree (Acacia sp) look sickly by removing fresh shoots, Kenya© Mark Moffett
Next page
powered by infradox.com